ارزیابی توسعه ژئوتوریستی شرق تنگه هرمز از طریق رتبه بندی قابلیت‌های ژئومورفولوژیکی (از میناب تا جاسک)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دبیر آموزش و پرورش

2 دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشیار - گروه جغرافیای طبیعی-دانشکده جغرافیا-دانشگاه تهران-شهر تهران

10.22034/gmpj.2021.134574

چکیده

گردشگری یکی از عناصر اصلی توسعه و ژئوتوریسم به عنوان گونه ای از گردشگری پایدار اهمیت ویژه ای در توسعه ی صنعت گردشگری کشورها داشته است. در پژوهش حاضر شرق تنگه هرمز یکی از مکانهای ژئومورفولوژیکی معروف ایران به دلیل داشتن جاذبه های مختلف و با قابلیت های ژئومورفولوژیکی کم نظیر خود مورد ارزیابی ژئوتوریستی قرار گرفته است که ضمن این ویژگیهای جذاب متاسفانه تاکنون در زمینه شناسایی قابلیت های ژئوتوریسمی و سرمایه گذاری در این زمینه اقدامی صورت نگرفته است. لذا در پژوهش حاضر موقعیت سایت‌های مستعد برای گردشگری در منطقه مورد مطالعه و موقعیت و پراکندگی مکانی آن ها از طریق پیمایش میدانی و با استفاده ازGPS به روی نقشه های پایه انتقال داده شده اند. بدین ترتیب شناسنامه کامل و نقشه پراکندگی سایت های محدوده تهیه و سپس با استفاده از دو مدل کوبالیکوا و بریل‌ها جهت ارزیابی قابلیت توسعه گردشگری سایت های محدوده اقدام شد. هر کدام از ژئوسایتها ارزشگذاری شده و سپس مجموع ارزشها با هم ترکیب و ارزش نهایی هر ژئوسایت بدست آمده است. نتایج مدل کوبالیکوا نشان داد تالاب آذینی با 12 امتیاز، رودخانه میناب و بندرکوهستک با 11/75، خورتیاب، طالوار و سرارو با 11/5، گتان 11 امتیاز بیشترین امتیاز را کسب نموده و همچنین نتایج نشان داد که در روش بریل ها تالاب آذینی با مجموع امتیاز وزن دهی 920، دماغه جاسک با مجموع امتیاز 900 و گتان با مجموع امتیاز 870 بیشترین امتیاز وزن دهی و در رتبه اول تا سوم قرار گرفته اند و از شرایط مطلوب‌تری برخوردار هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Geotourism Development of Eastern Hormuz Strait through Geomorphological Capacity Ranking (from Minab to Jask)

نویسندگان [English]

  • yaser hassanzadeh 1
  • ebrahim moghimi 2
  • Mehran Maghsoudi 3
1 Teacher Education
2 Natural geography-geography-universityTehran
3 Natural geography-geography-universityTehran
چکیده [English]

Tourism One of the main elements of development and geotourism, as a form of sustainable tourism, has been of particular importance in the development of the tourism industry of the countries. Geotourism is an emerging fringe discipline that utilizes theories and methods of earth science and explores the content of other disciplines to serve the needs of tourism development, evaluating, planning, developing, managing and conserving tourism resources. Draws. In the meantime, Iran, despite its considerable potential, has so far failed to benefit from the industry. Therefore, the recognition of geotourism attractions and capabilities in recent years, along with the increased motivation of tourists to visit the natural landscapes, has attracted the attention of officials and managers. The present study is part of the coastal strip east of the Strait of Hormuz, a region in the province of Hormozgan, and a number of the cities of Minab, Sirik and Jask from the estuary of the Minab River in the north to the eastern bay of Jask Port, one of the famous geomorphological sites of Iran due to its attractions. With its unique geomorphological capabilities, including beautiful coastlines, golfers, shapes of mountainous terrain and beautiful geomorphological landscapes, Geotourism has been evaluated for tourism development while having these fascinating geomorphological features, Can have an important role in the sustainable development of the region. But specific environmental features such as unfavorable climate, saline water and soil, distance have caused issues such as unemployment, poverty and deprivation in the region, and unfortunately so far no capability has been identified as well as investment. Lack of infrastructure for tourism purposes makes access to the area difficult, including lack of accommodation, lack of proper communication, lack of tourism management, and lack of relevant agencies. Another issue is that the study area has been considered to be far out of reach of the country so the capabilities of this area from the perspective of the present study, namely geotourism development and in the field of geomorphosite capability assessment and management aspects. And its planning has not been thoroughly investigated.

Therefore, diversification of tourism activities in this region can create employment, reduce poverty and create relative social welfare and reduce risks. Survey data were collected through fieldwork and direct observation as well as interviews. Also, statistical data was produced and analyzed based on documentary evidence as well as various images and maps. The locations and conditions of tourism-prone sites in the study area and their location and spatial distribution have been mapped using GPS to the baseline maps. A complete geographical and geomorphocyte scattering map was then obtained and after identifying geocytes and geomorphosites in the region, 36 sites were identified from tourism sites to evaluate tourism development capability, using two methods of Kubalikova (2013) and Braille (2015). In the Kubalikova method, the criteria are applied in five groups, including scientific and intrinsic value criteria, educational value criteria, economic value criteria, protective value criteria, and acquisition value criteria, covering almost all geotourism features. In the Braille method, the quantitative evaluation of geosites is carried out using four scientific, educational, tourist and demolition criteria. In this study, for rating geocytes, the rating of the values obtained from each geocache is combined and the geocache rank is determined. Each geosite is then valued and then the sum of values is combined and the final value of each geosite is obtained. The results of Kubalikova method showed that Azini wetland with 12 points, Minab and Bandar Kuhstak river with 11.75, Khortyab, Talvar and Sararo with 11.5, Gotan 11 with highest score, Azini wetland with higher score than value criteria Educational and acquisition, and later on, gained a higher score than the criterion of intrinsic and intrinsic value, as well as conservation, which was higher than other estates. The results also showed that in Brailha method, Azini wetland with a total weight of 920, cape Jask with a total score of 900 and Gotan with a total score of 870 had the highest weighting scores and ranked first to third with the most favorable conditions. Some of the most important factors that have made the Azini Wetland site a top priority in this way are the proper display of geological processes, the use of geosciences by international sciences, and the publication of scientific papers related to this geoscience in nationally accredited articles, Not limited in terms of field surveys and sampling, the high potential of geosciences education, the high area of the area, which comprises nearly 7 branch channels, and the ecological attractiveness of the geosite that is unique at the regional level. Therefore, in the eastern part of the Strait of Hormuz, there are diverse and beautiful natural and humane tourist attractions, each of which can somehow contribute to the development of the area, but the development of this geotourism potential of the area under study requires planning and allocation of facilities and equipment and providing tourism infrastructure. Activating the tourism aspect of the area can make full use of the sea and coastal capacities of the region, thus boosting the business and employment of the people of the region and making a significant impact on the local people's livelihood through tourism. On the other hand, unilateral pressure on the sea has been reduced by the activities of this sector in line with fishing activities, and thus the deleterious effects of human trafficking will be directed to a reasonable degree which could be part of the health of the marine ecosystem and Meet the beach

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Geotourism
  • Azini Wetland
  • East of Hormuz Strait
  • geosite
  • Geomorphological capabilities