عنوان مقاله [English]
The space syntax of human settlements in the geographical context of Iran has caused the emergence of different landscapes. The study of space syntax and the diversity of social configuration attracted researchers in the field of geography. The efforts of these researchers in the 2000s led them to the concept of Space identity. Space identity" refers to a specific feature of a place that describes that place as a "dwelling" feature. In simpler terms, "Space identity is the dignity and order of a place in space, which it has described as 'habitable.'" This concept in addition to the space syntax and dispersion of Social configuration, also responds to their diversity, which was introduced in a new branch called cognitive geomorphology. Cognitive Geomorphology is the understanding of Space Identity and its contribution to the meaning of bio-collective patterns of Social configuration.
The purpose of this study is to study the urban configuration in the Siahkuh hole. These kinds of research help to create new cities not only consider each place in terms of quantitative components such as height and slope but also determine the type of Space identity and its layout logic so that in the future Social configuration will face the least problems.
Each research examines and studies the issue of research in a special framework to follow a uniform and orderly process in the research process. Each research is studied from a particular point of view in the context in which it is a school or theory. In the present study, the Isfahan school was used as its framework.
In this research, we used scientific data and information such as topographic and geological maps, exploratory core wells, data elevation maps (DEM), satellite images, and documentary studies including books, articles, and dissertations. An attempt was made to present an analytical Noumenonology method on the Space identity of the Siahkuh hole or Ardakan-Yazd plain and urban configuration.
Results and discussion
Every land-context in the memory of its Space Memory has evidence from the past that is sometimes a phenomenon and sometimes a Noumen (In Hegel's philosophy). Four indicators of geomorphic phenomena were used to confirm the existence of a lake in Siahkuh :1. water vector network pattern analysis 2. Analysis of exploratory core wells at flat surface 3. Analysis of Noumenonological Geomorphology 4. Existence of lake terraces and controlled hills on the flat surface. The first analysis respectively confirmed the first and second terraces at 1100 m and 970 m. With the second analysis, the first terrace was confirmed at the level of 1100 meters. With the third analysis, the water level of the ancient Siahkuh Lake was determined from the first terrace (1100 meters) in Meybod to the present black hole of Siahkuh. The fourth analysis confirmed the existence of a lake in the mentioned hole. Therefore, the Space identity of the Siahkuh hole is a lake. The Space identity of the lake has features that have made it attractive. This analysis showed that recognizing the space identity and meaning that the people living in the land –context understand and perceive is very important at the original position of social configuration. Therefore, it can be said that the spirit of the place hides in the space identity. The characteristics of space identity Indicators are the bedrock of social configuration that people display in configurations, sometimes in the form of architecture, collective collaborations such as Bunih, and aqueducts, which are civil and cultural processes. The inhabitants of this land – context, understanding the spirit of the place, built the urban configurations of Meybod, Ardakan, Aghda, Nain, and Bafran on the shore and bed of the lake.
Space identity is a concept that humans understand and perceive to build their Social configuration. Space identity exposes its characteristics to the public. And the inhabitants of each land–context establish Social configuration and civilization based on their understanding of Space identity. Therefore, it can be said that the spirit of the place lies in the Space identity.
The results of this research are expressed in propositions: 1. Space identity and understanding of its characteristics show in the manifestation of Social configuration such as urban, rural, and nomadic and their other forms such as Hoornisheni, jangalnisheni, and hootaknisheni in each land – context. 2. The urban configurations of Meybod, Aghda, Nain, and Baferan are built on lake terraces and Ardakan on the lake bed 3. today, in locating urban and rural configurations, one must recognize the space identity and make optimal use of it. The presence of geomorphologists can help reduce the structural problems by recognizing the Space identity and by expressing the spirit of the place in the social issues of the cities.