عنوان مقاله [English]
Recognizing the geomorphologic and climatic features of different parts of the country is an important and essential principle, without which dangerous mistakes will not be made. this paper examines the geographical features, especially the relationship between Geomorphoclastic factors with the optimal locating of critical, sensitive, and important centers of Makran coastal area from Jask to Gowatre Bay with Passive Defensive Approach.
Considering the necessity of locating critical, sensitive, and important centers and facilities with Defensive Passive approach effectively and cleverly and evaluation Characteristics Of geomorphological and climatic of Makran coastal (from Jask to Gowatre Bay), the map of the development plan of Makran Coastal was drawn by the secretariat of the development of Makran Coastal achieve security stability in this area of Iran country. In the current study, according to the separation of the geomorphologic units of the Makran region, the coastline and coastal plain up to 50 km radius and hills and mountains up to 200 km in depth were considered as operational and strategic areas, respectively.
The research instruments were topographic and geology maps and aerial and satellite images of the region. Furthermore, we identified the effective factors, both natural and human, in locating critical, sensitive, and important centers with an emphasis on Defensive Passive approach, using questionnaires and interviewing with experts. Identifying the factors, the geomorphologic and climatic elements were analyzed using BWM analytical method for comparing the criteria in the best and worst case; the effective factors and elements in locating with Passive Defensive approach underwent final ranking and weighing. Among the indices, slope with final weight (0.257) and relative humidity with final weight (0.030) were the most and the least important indices, respectively. Finally, in Arc GIS software environment, we obtained a map in which the areas suitable for the construction of sensitive and important centers were identified.
The results indicate that the eastern coastal regions of the concerned area are in more suitable conditions for locating compared to the western ones. In addition, according to the final map based on geomorphologic factors in the GIS environment, the area of optimal zones for the locating of sensitive and important centers is more in the northern part, compared to the southern regions. In other words, it can be said that the geomorphologic features such as topographic and physiography conditions of rivers and… of the region are more favorable in the northern part compared to the southern regions and in the coastal plain area in the eastern part compared to the western part for the selection of an optimal locating for sensitive and important centers.