نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشیار ژئومورفولوژی، دانشگاه زنجان.
2 دانشآموخته دکتری ژئومورفولوژی، دانشگاه خوارزمی.
3 کارشناسی ارشد هیدروژئومورفولوژی، دانشگاه زنجان.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The tourism sector is concerned with visiting the land with the aim of promoting the land with the aim of recreation, the use of a sense of wonder, understanding of values, and learning. The purpose of the design of the concept of geo-tourism is to identify landforms that are of particular importance in describing and understanding the history of the earth's surface; which have scientific, ecological, cultural, cosmetic and economic values in common and are used for the purpose of perceiving and exploiting human tourism. Geochemistry is an area of scientific and geological significance, ranging from several square meters to several square kilometers, and in order to classify the significant effects, geological features (mineralogy, structure, geomorphology, and physiography) with one or more criteria (scarcity, value, vulnerability) in Exposure is evaluated. The Qezelowzan Water Basin, with its diverse geological and geological structure, can have a special place in environmental studies. In this paper, we have tried to evaluate the landforms of different parts of it using the Rocha and Koomansko methods.
Methods and materials
In the present study, Rocha and Koomansko methods have been used to evaluate the potential of geologists in the catchment area of Qezelowzan. In this connection, in order to select the best geo-sites from the Rocha method, it has been used with three criteria of representativeness, proximity, and uniqueness. Among the identified geo-sites, 11 elevated geo-sites were selected and evaluated. From the capabilities of the Komansko method to other methods for assessing geo-morpho-sites, in addition to the novelty of the method, many of the following criteria are effective for each of the criteria. In this regard, in order to select the best geo-sites using the Rocha method (2014), three criteria for visibility, proximity, and rarity were used. Two educational potential and geo-tourism is assessed in the Rocha method. Access, related resources, viewing conditions, educational content, fragility, and representativeness based on the work of Braga (quoted by Rocha, 2014) were evaluated on a scale of 1 to 5.
Discussions and results
The present paper focuses on identifying, assessing and recognizing the characteristics of geo-sites in the Qezelowzan area to help shape a future management plan. What can be understood from the above is that the catchment area of the Qezelowzan is very attractive and spectacular due to the existence of landforms and its impact on various processes before and after the Quaternary. These sites play an important role in explaining the changes in lithology, geology, and geomorphology of the region. Therefore, the study of the tourism capability in the region to identify and provide a sustainable framework for space development is essential. In this context, tourism development was feasible in order to identify the capabilities of tourism development. The sites of Mahneshan and its surroundings have the most geological forms that indicate the intensity of various sedimentary, volcanic, tectonic and glacier activities, and so on, which can be described as the best place for tourists.
According to the results of the study, their Mahneshan hoodoos with a mean of 15/52 and Belghis glacier cirques had the lowest score among the geo-sites with 11.11. Erosion in sedimentary-conglomerate layers, a combination of clay and marl with hard-layer sandstones, has created interesting landforms that are referred to as the hoodoos. Behestan dome_ and tectonic-glacier valleys of Armaghankhaneh ranked second to tenth. The highest point of the hoodoos should be due to the suitable pathway of beautiful and attractive geomorphologic landforms and its pristine and diverse environment. Between values, scientific and aesthetic values, natural values are the most based on natural parameters. The highest values of these values are for the hoodoo and the Qaterchi Darband. The most economical value is related to the hoodoo and Behestan dome In the general conclusion, we believe that, despite the high potential of geo-sites, due to the lack of human centers and the lack of suitable routes and the inadequate identification of geo-sites for tourists, their use of power and capacities is not desirable. In the form of comparison with the results of the work done in the field of geo-tourism, it can be said that most of the methods used to evaluate the geo-touristic powers of the regions have geomorphologic nature and have been given natural abilities. High-low geo-sites, the introduction, and reasons for obtaining ratings, introductions, and strategies for improving the tourist attraction seem to suggest building communication paths and introducing these places by the Cultural Heritage Organization and creating the necessary infrastructure. The results of this research can be considered as a management document an environment for sustainable tourism development.